The term agriculture comes from the Latin words ager referring to the land and culture to its cultivation. Agriculture, in its widest sense, may be defined as the growing and production of harvest plants or livestock products. The history of agriculture and civilization go hand in hand as the food creation caused it to be possible for a primitive man to calm down in selected spots leading to the creation of society and initiation of civilization. The period from 7500-6500 B.C. was the period of development of agriculture. Throughout the first century of Christian period, the most crucial development in agriculture was irrigated growing in agriculture. Irrigated growing of rice in South India Cauvery River was the most crucial source of irrigation water. During British period the most crucial development in agriculture was the cultivation of industrial crops like cotton, sugarcane, and Indigo. The reason behind introducing industrial harvests in India by British, they felt demand of raw materials for their commercial growth plus they got huge sum from European marketplace by selling our commercial harvests there. After Autonomy during 1950, there was a food crisis in India. After the green revolution, India became a food surplus nation. The progress of civilization is closely linked to agriculture, which provides food to satisfy hunger. In India, more than 70% of individuals are depending on agriculture in one type or the other. Need for the share of agriculture in national income and work pattern etc may quantify agriculture. Knowing the need for agriculture, agriculture sector may be associated with the industrial sector. Agricultural share in India Gross domestic product was 14.02 percent on 2010-11. India Gross domestic product has shown robust growth, which suggests that non-agricultural sectors have grown at the expense of agriculture. Very high percentage of working population in India is engaged in agriculture. According to India census figure, 66 percent of India working population is engaged in agriculture. Indian Agriculture has been supplying of a way to obtain raw materials to our leading business. Cotton, Jute, a textile business, Sugar, vanaspathi and plantation rely on agriculture directly. There are various other industries, which depend on agriculture in an indirect manner. Many of our little and cottage industries, handloom, oil industry, rice mills and sugar mills rely on agriculture for their raw materials. Agriculture products like tea, oilseeds, tobacco, and spices are the main items of exports to India.